Flood Resilience Planning
Information for Municipal Plans:
1. Timing of new requirements: This requirement goes into effect on July 1, 2014. DHCD interprets this effective date to mean that any municipal or regional plan adopted or readopted after July 1, 2014 must include a flood resilience plan element. Those plans adopted before that date will continue to remain in effect until expiration or until they are amended or readopted, at which point they must include the new flood resilience plan element. The bill also requires ANR to establish a program to aid and support municipalities in adopting the new plan element. View Summary of Act 16: Municipal & Regional Flood Resilience Plan Legislation >>
2. Current Resources:
- Fluvial Erosion Hazard Maps and language. While inundation-related flood loss is a significant component of flood disasters, the predominant mode of damage is fluvial (river-related) erosion. Fluvial erosion hazard mitigation can lead to enhanced public safety and reduce long-term flood damages. Contact Dan Currier (email@example.com) if your town is interested in assistance with Fluvial Erosion Hazard area mapping and regulations.View ANR’s Municipal Guide to Fluvial Erosion Hazard Mitigation >>
- Municipal Hazard Mitigation Plans. Nineteen towns have had their Local Hazard Mitigation Plans (LHMP) approved by FEMA and four towns LHMPs available in final draft form. Contact Dan Currier (firstname.lastname@example.org) for these files or the approved LHMPs for each town are available for download from CVRPC’s website.View the Local Hazard Mitigation Plans >>
- Draft Past Flood Events Table. Staff compiled a table of past flood events that impacted the Central Vermont Region as part of the 2016 Regional Plan Update process. Contact Dan Currier (email@example.com) for more information. View the Draft Past Flood Events Table >>
- Flood Ready Vermont. This new online tool can help communities prepare for disasters, identify flood hazards, take action to minimize future damage, find funding to reduce risk to existing buildings, and update municipal plans. Visit Flood Ready Vermont >>
- Disaster Recovery and Long-Term Resilience Planning in Vermont. A framework for local flood resilience created with help from the EPA-Smart Growth Implementation Assistance (SGIA) program, organizations in the Mad River Valley and state agency and regional partners.View the Mad River Valley report >>
View DHCD’s Rebuilding Stronger >>
- Preparing for the Next Flood: Vermont Floodplain Management.This 2009 publication of the Vermont Law School provides a short but thorough overview of the issues and terminology associated with municipal management of floodplains.View the Vermont Law School publication >>
- Floodplain Fact Sheets. The Two Rivers-Ottauquechee Regional Commission (TRORC) presents a series of six fact sheets to help educate local officials and residents about flood hazards and floodplain management.View TRORC publications >>
- Flood Damage Mitigation Incentives for Municipalities under the New ERAF Rule. A summary by VLCT of the ERAF (Emergency Relief and Assistance Fund) rule defining the state-recommended mitigation measures for towns to become eligible for state funding on the match required for FEMA Public Assistance grants. More on this below.View VLCT Summary of the ERAF rule >>
- Agency of Natural Resources (ANR) River Management Division Publications/Resources. Access to key legislation and publications dealing with flood resilience and related topics.Visit ANR’s Rivers Program >>
- Vermont’s Roadmap to Resilience. The Institute for Sustainable Communities recently released a long term strategy for a resilient Vermont that integrates related state, regional, and local initiatives in order to better prepare the state to address the effects of climate change and impacts of extreme weather events.Visit ISC’s Roadmap to Resilience >>
Emergency Relief and Assistance Fund Rule: Download ERAF factsheet here.
As mentioned above, there is a new rule regarding state/local match requirements (of the 25% non-Federal share) for FEMA public assistance (P.A.). The VLCT document does an excellent job explaining these changes and what impact it will have on municipalities. Starting September 20, 2014, in order for the state to continue to provide funds at 50-50 (i.e. 12.5% of the total PA) our Towns need to have:
- Town and road bridge standards consistent with or exceeding those listed under the most current version of Town Road & Bridge Standards, Handbook for Local Officials, published by VTrans;
- A flood hazard bylaw, or an adopted interim flood hazard bylaw as an intermediary step (24 VSA §4414), to secure enrollment and participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), if applicable:
- A local Hazard Mitigation Plan that meets the provisions of 44CFR § 201.6 that has been approved by the local community and is approved or in the process of securing final approval by FEMA. The local mitigation plan may be part of a larger regional mitigation plan: and,
- Adoption of a local Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) in accordance with State standards.
To increase the state share to 70-30 (i.e. 17.5% with the towns covering the last 7.5%), a town would need to implement either:
- Maintenance of an active rate classification (class #1- 9) under FEMA’s Community Rating System (CRS) that includes activities that prohibit new structures in mapped flood hazard zones or
- Adoption of a Fluvial Erosion Hazard (FEH) or other river corridor or floodplain protection bylaw that meets or exceeds the ANR FEH model regulations and scoping guidelines.
Green Infrastructure Municipal Outreach Project
CVRPC is also engaged in a Green Infrastructure project to help the state implement the Green Infrastructure Strategic Plan, and to specifically conduct outreach and technical support for promotion and adoption of green infrastructure practices at the municipal level. Visit Green Infrastructure Planning for more information on CVRPC’s Green Infrastructure Municipal Outreach Project.